Dental Cavities: Types You Need to Know

A woman at a dentist appointment
Nine in ten adults worldwide will suffer tooth cavities at one point in their life. About four out of ten patients among this number will leave their teeth untreated. Dental websites like glenlakedentalcare.com explain that untreated tooth cavities might lead to dental abscesses and eventual tooth loss.
Early detection of tooth cavities and proper treatment by a qualified general dentist for Glenview residents is vital in preventing abscess formation and loss of teeth. There are different types of dental cavities. Here are the three main categories.

Root Cavities

These cavities are found on top of the roots of your teeth. They typically occur in older adults probably due to receding gums which leave the roots exposed. This leaves the teeth prone to decay since your roots have no protective enamel covering. Removing your cavity is the initial step of treatment. The cavity is then repaired with a crown or filling.

Pit and Fissure Cavities

Pit and fissure cavities are located on your teeth’s surface. They typically affect your back teeth and are the most common type of cavities. They are mostly found in people with poor dental hygiene habits. After removing the decay, the tooth is repaired using fillings, crowns and composite. Dental sealants can prevent pit and fissure cavities.

Smooth Surface Cavities

These ensue on the flat external surface of teeth. They are common on the teeth on the sides of your mouth. They are the least common cavities and also progress slowly. Treatment may involve fluoride treatment using varnishes, gel and toothpaste. Regular flossing can protect your teeth from smooth surface cavities.
Though cavity treatment seems quite simple when detected early, preventing cavities is better than treating them. Consistent flossing and brushing removes plaque and decreases your risk of cavities.
Using supplemental fluoride and eating a nutritious and balanced diet can also help in strengthening your teeth. Regular dental visits are an integral part of cavity prevention and optimum oral health.