5 Common Types of Malocclusion and How to Get Your Bite Right

A dentist's appointment

Malocclusion occurs when teeth fail to align correctly. This bite problem can be due to several causes, and it may also have numerous manifestations. Here are five common types of malocclusion.

1. Overbite

An overbite means the upper front choppers overlap the lower front teeth. Overbites are often hereditary, but some overbites are due to malformed jaws caused by childhood habits that put pressure on jaws.

Besides aesthetic concerns, a deep bite may cause problems such as unhealthy teeth wear and jaw pain. Your orthodontist in West Jordan can correct an overbite with orthodontic appliances.

2. Underbite

An underbite happens when the lower front teeth overlap the upper front teeth. Underbites usually occur because of lower jaw misalignment and habits such as thumb-sucking and tongue-thrusting.

Problems associated with underbites include eating and speaking difficulties, sleep problems and jaw pain. Underbite correction measures include jaw surgery and use of orthodontic appliances.

3. Open bite

If you have an open bite, your molars may fit together, but your upper front teeth and your lower front teeth won’t overlap. An open bite can be due to jawbone problems as well as habits that put pressure on the jaws.

A gap between the rows of teeth affects the appearance of a smile and can also cause speaking difficulty. Orthognathic surgery and use of dental appliances may help fix the problem.

4. Spacing or crowding issues

Crowding and spacing problems happen when there is either too little or too much room in the mouth for the teeth. The inadequate space can prevent adult teeth from erupting as they should.

Crowding might also lead to impaction. Orthodontia and extraction can fix this kind of malocclusion to avert dental health complications.

5. Upper protrusion

Upper protrusion or buck teeth, means the top front choppers are pushed outward. Usually, people with buck teeth have a small lower jaw. However, thumb-sucking and pacifier misuse might also push teeth outward. Orthodontia and surgery can correct upper protrusion and fix the problems associated with this issue.

Malocclusion is a teeth misalignment problem. There are many types of malocclusion, and each can lead to aesthetic concerns and oral health complications. If you have any malocclusion, your orthodontist in West Jordan can recommend an appropriate treatment option.